Tajikistan as a nation is committed to promoting responsible tourism. Visitors are encouraged  to participate in responsible tourism and the following are guidelines that you might find useful. 

A.    Support local communities and minimize negative impacts
•    Choose locally-run tourism (related) businesses to support local economies.
•    Do not support commercial (sexual) exploitation, particularly of children and adolescents.
•    Don’t encourage begging.
•    Bargain only if you are really interested in the product; always pay a fair price to local people.

In terms of bargaining, GBAO is an exception.  Traditionally, the locals are not traders, so bargaining is not always understood.  Respect this tradition and don’t take advantage.

B.     Maximize benefits to cultural heritage and minimize negative impacts

•    Obviously, respect local cultures, customs, manners, etiquette, traditions and dress.
•    Encourage conversation and respect local ways of communication: be courteous, even if there are problems.
•    Always ask before photographing or filming a person, group or residence or culturally significant places, practices, images and ceremonies.
•    Respect historical sites and do not access local historical, archeological, culturally, and spiritually important properties without authorization.
•    Never remove cultural artifacts or materials from a site as a souvenir.
•    Don’t buy artifacts/souvenirs that are not permitted by law and don’t accept them as gifts
•    Most Pamiris have a Western style of dress, although shorts and sleeveless tops are seldom seen.  In rural communities, dress is more conservative and most women cover their heads with scarves, in Muslim tradition.  
•    When invited for a meal, you will find the below information useful:

You will be seated around the Dastarkhon (tablecloth spread on the floor):

•    Don’t be surprised if the host, when pouring tea, only half fills your cup.  This is their tradition of showing hospitality and respect. When receiving a cup of tea, do this with the right hand while putting the left hand on the heart.
•    After all meals, people make the gesture of cupping both hands at chest level while grace is said. Upon conclusion of the prayer the cupped hands are drawn once over the face.
•    There is a saying in Tajik ‘bread is life’ so never throw away a piece of bread,  don’t feed it to animals or put it upside down on the table.  Also bread should always be broken and never cut
•    Never step over or on the Dastarkhon.
•    Men salute each other by shaking hands, putting the left hand over the heart. With the opposite sex, the salutation is made only by putting the right hand on the heart.

•    Support and respect your local home-stay provider.  Don’t unnecessarily bargain over the price being asked.  If you cannot afford the rate, offer to sleep outside on the ‘tapchan’ or offer to skip some of the meals if they are included.  Realize that water and electricity are expensive commodities so save on the cost of energy by minimizing the use of electrical equipment.  Be aware when using hot water that it comes at a high price to your host.  Energy is very expensive here.